Nmap/IPv4 OS Integration
cd svn checkout https://svn.nmap.org/nmap-private-dev/fp svn checkout https://svn.nmap.org/nmap
The OS integration tools are in the /nmap-private-dev/fp directory. The programs in fp link against object files in nmap, so compile nmap first. You need (at least) libssl-dev, libncurses-dev, and libx11-dev.
cd nmap ./configure && make cd ~/fp make
The fp makefile explicitly lists all the object files linked by nmap in the NMAP_OBJS variable. Sometimes it gets out of sync and you have to update it.
OS submissions come in a big mbox file with one submission per message. Use Mutt, the mail reader, to process the file. Add these lines to ~/.muttrc:
macro pager "p" "<pipe-message>/home/user/fp/OSassist<enter>" macro index "p" "<pipe-message>/home/user/fp/OSassist<enter>"
You also have to make some symlinks to database files:
ln -s ../nmap/nmap-os-db ln -s ../nmap/nmap-mac-prefixes
Run Mutt like so:
mutt -f nmapsubmit-osfp-date
You can use the "read" flag on messages to keep track of which ones you've done already. You want to start with everything unread:
l ~Rto see read messages.
Nto mark them as new.
If you want to look at entries in the mbox without marking them unread, you can use the
-R</option> to Mutt to open the file in read-only mode, or use <code>N after looking at the message.
p on a message to open it with OSassist. The top of the screen shows the top 10 matches in nmap-os-db. The middle shows the observed fingerprint. The bottom shows either the diff of the reference against the observed (default), the reference itself (after
d has been pressed), or the result of merging the reference with the observed (after
m has been pressed).
Keys in OSassist are:
- j, k: down, up
- q: quit
- d: toggle diff view
- m: toggle merge view
- r, p: reinitialize (after making manual edits to nmap-os-db)
- c: copy the bottom section to the X clipboard (for merged fingerprints)
- f: copy the middle section to the X clipboard (for new fingerprints)
- w: toggle warnings
OSassist shows the top 10 matches. Go through the first few and decide how to dispose of the new observed fingerprint:
- Ignore it.
- Merge it into an existing reference fingerprint.
- Create a new reference fingerprint.
You ignore a submission when it is of low quality or is missing necessary information. Merge it if it is close to something existing. Otherwise, create a new reference fingerprint.
Many changes can be made with a text editor on nmap-os-db. After changing the file, hit
r in OSassist to reload.
Changes to the description of a fingerprint should usually come with a new comment line.